French design, wrong name and best layout: myths and facts about IL-2125 Combi
In the mid-sixties, Izhevsk decided to organize automobile production. The corresponding government order prescribed the creation of a car factory on the basis of Izhmash, where Moskvich clones would be produced. However, almost at the same time, an “automobile” GKB-88 was created at the engineering design bureau. It employed young and ambitious enthusiasts, in a short time created on the basis of the “four hundred and eighth” Moskvich new universal car, whose body was a cross between a sedan and a station wagon. Moreover, it was not a hatchback – the same as the newest French Renault 1 released in 1965: after all, the fifth door (also the boot lid) had a noticeable protrusion below the glass, which formed another visual volume. On prototypes, the slope of the rear part was different, and the shape of the cover was somewhat different from the version approved for mass production.
Early pre-production prototypes (the first photo) differed in both the design of the front end and the proportions of the rear end.
Thus, the prototype’s lower fifth-door connector almost reached the rear bumper, while on production cars the threshold was raised higher – not least because of the reasons for maintaining acceptable body rigidity.
So was there a borrowing? Hardly. Compare the appearance of the same Renault 16 or Citroën Ami 8 c Izhevsk dvuhobёmniki except that the time in which they were designed.
After all, the very protrusion and taillights on the IL-2125 is the original solution, which is not observed in any of these “pseudo-sources”. Not much like the Soviet car and the Volkswagen Passat B1, which had just begun to produce in those years.
And most importantly, despite all the dissimilarity of the new model with the usual Muscovites, IL-2125 retained a significant unification with the base sedan, differing from it except the longer roof and the original rear part.
Despite the appearance, the new model had a high degree of kinship with the rest of the Muscovites
IN 1966 RENAULT 16 BECAME THE EUROPEAN CAR OF THE YEAR. AND IZHEVSKY DESIGNERS AT THE EXHIBITION IN MOSCOW EXPRESSLY A YEAR IN THE YEAR’S REPRESENTATED THE EXPERIMENTAL SAMPLE OF THE FUTURE ILJ-COMBI, WHICH HAS REACHED TO THE CONVEYER ONLY AFFECTLY TO A COLLECTIVE REASON, THERE ARE MERCHANTABLE
“French” trail in Izhevsk car is still there, but it is of a different character. A huge 160-ton press for body stamping was actually ordered in France, and the rest of the equipment for body production was ordered through Renault.
MYTH 2: THE FIRST SOVIET LIFTBACK
Many young motorists mistakenly believe IL-2125 hatchback. In the Soviet era, some “experts” ranked IL-Combi as a fastback, which included Gorky’s “Victory” GAZ M-20. However, the main difference between these two types of body (and cars) is the location of the rear window. If on the fastback it is not part of the lid and is “embedded” in the body just like on a regular sedan, then at the liftback the glass rises along with the fifth door.
Look at the orange-red Opel Kadett C: the overhead hinges on the trunk lid give it an unusual body type. This is a fastback.
Hatchback to consider this pyatidverku also incorrect in view of the presence of a well-marked protrusion, forming an additional volume.
A small ledge of a two-volume body is well visible in profile. And the rear overhang is not shorter in length than that of a regular Moskvich
In addition, the rear overhang in length is the same as that of a sedan, while a hatchback should, by definition, be shorter, which is clearly seen in the example of VAZ cars of the “eighth” family. That is why IL-2125 is the real liftback. Of world analogues, one can recall the Czech Skoda Octavia and the Ukrainian Slavuta, but both of these cars appeared two and a half decades after the start of the production of Combi.